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Empire Eye Resources

Patient Resources

Find information on the various procedures and services.

What follows are definitions of some of the more commonly referred to eye conditions. This information is provided for our patients use in the hope it will assist them in both identifying any eye conditions they may currently have and in completing our patient medical history forms.

  • Cataracts

    A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye that affects vision.

    Most cataracts are related to aging. Cataracts are very common in older people. By age 80, more than half of all Americans either have a cataract or have had cataract surgery. A cataract can occur in either one or both eyes. It cannot spread from one eye to the other.

    Information on Laser Cataract Surgery
  • Dry Eye

    Dry eye occurs when the eye does not produce tears properly,

    or when the tears are not of the correct consistency and evaporate too quickly. In addition, inflammation of the surface of the eye may occur along with dry eye. 86% of dry eye patients have a condition known as MGD, and it is treatable. If left untreated, this condition can lead to pain, ulcers, or scars on the cornea, and some loss of vision. However, permanent loss of vision from dry eye is uncommon. Dry eye can make it more difficult to perform some activities, such as using a computer or reading for an extended period of time, and it can decrease tolerance for dry environments, such as the air inside an airplane.

    Information on Dry Eye Treatment
  • Floaters

    Floaters are little "cobwebs" or specks that float about in your field of vision.

    They are small, dark, shadowy shapes that can look like spots, thread-like strands, or squiggly lines. They move as your eyes move and seem to dart away when you try to look at them directly. They do not follow your eye movements precisely, and usually drift when your eyes stop moving. Most people have floaters and learn to ignore them; they are usually not noticed until they become numerous or more prominent. Floaters can become apparent when looking at something bright, such as white paper or a blue sky.

  • Glaucoma

    Glaucoma is a group of diseases that can damage the eye's optic nerve

    and result in vision loss and blindness. Glaucoma occurs when the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes slowly rises. However, with early treatment, you can often protect your eyes against serious vision loss.

  • Keratoconus

    Keratoconus is a degenerative disorder in which structural changes to the cornea

    cause it to thin and change to a more conical shape than its normal gradual curve. Keratoconus can cause substantial distortion of vision, including multiple images, streaking and sensitivity to light. It is typically diagnosed in the patient’s adolescent years and attains its most severe state in the twenties and thirties.

    Information on Keratoconus
  • Ptosis

    Ptosis is an abnormal drooping of the upper eyelid.

    The drooping may be worse after being awake longer, when the individual’s muscles are tired. If severe enough and left untreated, the drooping eyelid can cause other conditions, like amblyopia or astigmatism. This is why it is especially important for this disorder to be treated in children at a young age, before it can interfere with vision development.

  • Strabismus

    Strabismus, or eye turn is a condition in which an individual

    is unable to keep both eyes simultaneously aligned. It can occur with one or both eyes and the turn can be in, out, up or down. In addition, the condition can be intermittent or constant.

    Information on Strabismus